State Funding
Subsidies from the federal budget
State support can only be provided only to national films meeting the following criteria:

  • The producer is a Russian citizen or a legal entity legitimately registered on the territory of the Russian Federation.
  • The majority of the film's creators (director, writer and composer) are Russian citizens.
  • No more than 30% of the film's creative crew do not possess Russian citizenship.
  • At least 50% of the production is done by film companies registered in the Russian Federation.
  • Foreign investment in the production does not exceed 50% of the film's total budget.
  • Profanity is not used in the film.

Film funding is provided from the federal budget. It is
administered by:

  • The Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation
  • The Cinema Fund, which is a non-profit organization founded by the Russian government.

The proportion of state funding cannot exceed 70% of a film's total budget.

The Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation provides non-repayable subsidies. The Cinema Fund provides non-repayable, partially repayable and fully repayable subsidies. Repaid funds are subsequently reinvested in state support for film production.
Regional subsidies
Eight of the Russian Federation's regions have adopted regulations on regional rebates:

- Vologda region – 20%.
Film commission: Cinema House, a foundation for the social and economic development of the Vologda region's filmmakers

- Kaliningrad region – up to 20%.
Film commission: the non-profit organization Festival Directorate, the Kaliningrad region film commission

- Ulyanovsk region – up to 30%.
Film commission: Ulyanovsk Film Fund, a regional governmental autonomous cultural institution

- Novgorod region – up to 20%.
Film commission: Novgorod region film commission

-Pskov region – up to 30%.
Film commission: Pskov region culture committee

- Perm region – up to 50%.
Film commission: Perm Cinematheque, a state regional budgetary culture institution

- Primorye region (administrative centre: Vladivostok) – 15%.
Film commission: Primorye Regional Centre for the People's Culture, an autonomous state institution

- Moscow region – 10%
Film commission: Moscow Region State Autonomous Agency Mosoblkino

Regional governments subsidize part of the funds spent by Russian filmmakers on the region's territory, using the services provided by regional film commissions.
Co-production
Russia is a member of the 1992 European Convention on Cinematographic Co-Production, which enables Russian producers to carry out joint projects with any European country under the conditions stipulated by this treaty. Specifically, for bilateral agreements, the minimum contribution may not be less than 20% and the maximum contribution may not exceed 80% of the total production budget. For multilateral agreements, the minimum contribution may not be lessthan 10% and the maximum contribution may not exceed 70% of the total production budget.

Bilateral co-productions between Russia and a country with which it has a bilateral co-production agreement are subject to the provisions of that agreement.

Russia has signed bilateral intergovernmental co-production agreements with the following countries:

  • France (July 8, 1967)
  • Spain (October 26, 1990)
  • Canada (October 5, 1995)
  • Italy (November 28, 2002)
  • Bulgaria (July 7, 2004)
  • Germany (July 19, 2011)
  • China (July 4, 2017)
  • India (September 4, 2019)

The Russian Federation has also entered into a multilateral agreement with the CIS countries. It was signed on November 14, 2008, and its current members are Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova and Tajikistan.

If a co-production project meets the criteria of the Convention or the relevant bilateral agreement, then, assuming the stipulated procedure is observed, it is treated as a co-production, receives a national film certificate and becomes eligible for state financial support.

Since 2011, Russia has been a member of Eurimages, the cultural support fund of the Council of Europe. Under its co-production support programme, the fund has so far supported 27 film projects involving Russia, of which 20 were Russian majority coproductions.

In 2019, the Russian Ministry of Culture ran its first competition for support for co-production projects with minority participation by Russian producers. Up to RUB 10 million (about €140,000) of subsidies was to be provided per minority co-production project.
The Russian Export Center
On November 7, 2019, the Russian government adopted regulation #1420 "On state support for film industry organizations providing services or carrying out work related to film production by foreign companies on Russian territory."

This document establishes rules for providing subsidies to Russian film companies providing services or carrying out work related to film production by foreign companies on Russian territory. In effect, a foreign producer can receive a discount on their work with a Russian partner: a portion of the foreign producer's expenditures can be returned to their Russian partner from the budget of a programme financed by the Ministry of Economic Development through the programme operator, the Russian Export Center (REC).

REC is a state institution responsible for supporting non-resource exports. It provides Russian exporters with a wide range of financial and other services, including help with organizing export supplies, legal support for transactions, currency control, analytical studies, adaptation of promotional materials and organization of marketing events for product promotion. REC has been collaborating with Russian production companies since 2018, promoting Russian audiovisual content in the international arena.

Rebates start at 30%. To receive a rebate, companies must pass a screening test and meet the minimum spending requirements for various kinds of audiovisual products (at least 52 minutes / 25 minutes per season for animated series):

  • RUB 15 million for live action
  • RUB 3.75 million for documentaries
  • RUB 5 million for animated films
The system operator collects applications for rebates, including screening test data:
  • Number of days spent on pre-production (for animation), production and post-production on Russian territory
  • Presence of Russian citizens among the film's creators and creative crew
  • Percentage of Russian citizens involved in the production
  • The foreign producer's experience in the industry
  • Connection of the plot to the Russian Federation (history, culture, current issues etc.)
  • Planned spending on Russian territory
A subsidy can be increased to 40% in the following cases:
Addition of extra Russian citizens to the film crew
Addition of extra shooting days/extra work on Russian territory
Increase of planned spending in Russia

If a rebate application is approved, REC signs an agreement with the Russian film company and submits the relevant data to the Ministry of Economic Development, which then transfers the rebate to the recipient's bank account. Upon completion of production, REC collects the relevant financial reports and audits them.
The Moscow Export Center
Moscow Export Center was established by the Government of Moscow to work with entrepreneurs in the field of financial and non-financial support measures and to promote the products to international markets. One of the main objectives of the MEC is to strengthen the position of Moscow as a leader in export volumes among Russian regions and to increase the number of Moscow exporters.